Eye health in adults over 65 years of age
17 November 2022
Vision changes occur as you age, but these changes don't have to affect your lifestyle. Knowing what to expect and when to seek professional care can help you safeguard your vision. Starting at age 60, you should know the warning signs of age-related eye health problems that can lead to vision loss.
Many eye diseases have no early symptoms. They may develop painlessly and you may not notice changes in your vision until the disease is quite advanced. A cautious lifestyle, regular eye checkups and early detection of disease can greatly improve your chances of maintaining good eye health and vision as you age.
In the years after 60, a number of eye diseases can appear that can permanently change your vision. The earlier these problems are detected and treated, the more likely you are to maintain good vision. Here are some vision disorders to watch out for:
- Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease It causes loss of central vision.
- Cataracts are cloudy or opaque areas in the crystalline lens, the eye's natural lens. Depending on their size and location, they can interfere with normal vision. Cataracts can cause blurred vision, decreased contrast sensitivity and decreased ability to see in low light conditions (such as when driving at night).
- Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that occurs in people with diabetes. It results from progressive damage to the small blood vessels that nourish the retina. The disease usually affects both eyes. The longer a person has had diabetes, the greater the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. In its most severe form, diabetic retinopathy can lead to blindness.
- Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve, resulting in loss of peripheral (side) vision. It usually affects both eyes, usually one eye before the other. Glaucoma is usually painless and may have no obvious symptoms until significant loss of side vision occurs. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to total blindness.
- Retinal detachment is a tear or separation of the retina from the underlying tissue at the back of the eye. Most of the time retinal detachment occurs spontaneously due to changes in the gel-like vitreous that fills the back of the eye. If not treated in time, it can cause permanent vision loss.
At the Espaillat Cabral Institute, we have specialists for the detection and treatment of these eye diseases. Make your appointment online.