What is ocular hypertension?

What is ocular hypertension?

26 August 2022

Ocular hypertension occurs when eye pressure is above levels considered normal without detectable changes in vision or damage to the structure of the eye. The term is used to distinguish people with elevated pressure from those with glaucoma, a serious eye disease that causes optic nerve damage and vision loss.

Ocular hypertension can occur in people of all ages, but is more common in people who are black, over the age of 40 and have a family history of ocular hypertension and/or glaucoma. It is also more common in people who are nearsighted or have diabetes.

Ocular hypertension has no noticeable signs or symptoms. The ophthalmologist checks eye pressure with an instrument called a tonometer. During the evaluation, the internal structures of the eyes are also examined to assess overall eye health.

Not all people with ocular hypertension develop glaucoma, however, those with ocular hypertension are at a higher risk of developing it. This is why regular checkups are very important.

Ocular hypertension cannot be cured, but with careful follow-up and treatment-when necessary-you can reduce the risk of damage to your eyes.

At the Espaillat Cabral Institute, we have glaucoma specialists and state-of-the-art equipment for your treatment. Make your appointment online.

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